Introduction of Emerging Construction Technologies:
No doubt technology is an important business tool. These are emerging construction technologies to watch out for in 2021 for the construction business. Buckle up because there are many new things for the civil sector.
No doubt technology is an important business tool. I am giving you insight into the construction business’s emerging construction technologies in 2021. Buckle up because many new things are getting introduced for the civil sector. Technology has always been a good factor that assures safety, growth and improvement.
The construction industry, without exception, has something new to offer. Innovative constructions like Metropol Parasol located in Seville, Spain and Burj Khalifa located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, stands firm, setting the best examples of modern architecture. Likewise, there is tower crane technology that helps to build massive skyscrapers, looks like we’ve come a long way with new-age technology. The construction technology in civil engineering is tremendously growing day by day.
The construction industry provides shelter, employment, and the economy, as last year was difficult for the construction industry due to the global pandemic outbreak. This business also had its downfall and tremendous losses. Despite the hard times, the construction business industry did not stop but continued to work with less workforce and prioritising workers safety. The upcoming year will have significant innovations that will take this sector to the next level and help them to recover back to stability mode.
Watch out for these eight listed future construction technologies –
Augmented Reality (AR) –
Augmented reality is a technology that adds a layer of digital information to the real world. With the help of devices like mobile, tablets with augmented reality capabilities, civil engineering professionals can view the construction site with additional information as a top layer on the real world.
Using such AR-powered devices, we can point the mobile device to the wall and get its dimensions automatically as if they are a part of the real-world environment. It seems like a perfect example of advanced construction technology.
Three important uses of augmented reality
1. Safety information –
Detect hazardous material on the construction site and notify the workers. It will ensure safety by providing real-time information to the people working on site.
2. Accurate measurements –
By providing real-time measurements of the physical space, it will become easy and precise to make building plans.
3. Project modification –
Analyse the construction buildings, suggest possible changes, and upgrade existing projects. It will save a lot of time.
Augmented reality can have dedicated devices like AR glasses that contractors, architects and project managers can use. This device will be handy and beneficial for the construction industry.
Gears for workers –
Construction is still one of the riskiest industries to work in and even a little more cautious about working due to pandemic. Accidents like falls, equipment damages can cause harm to the people working on the site, which leads to many workers deaths every year. Gears technology gives the possibility for workers’ safety, resulting in fewer deaths and preventing injuries.
List of gears for every individual on the construction site:
1. Smart power gloves:
These gloves increase the strength when worn on a worker’s hands that ultimately reduce the chances of getting injured.
2. Smart boots:
These Smart boots have implanted sensors that can detect and warn the worker about collisions and unsafe situations.
3. Smart helmets:
People who work long hours on-site should take breaks between hours if they are sleepy or tired. These smart helmets can detect “microsleeps” by sensing brainwaves.
There are also other wearables like smartwatches, goggles that can check the health conditions and track them. With this, it is the start of creating a safe working environment for every individual working in construction. These tiny devices are working wonders and helping workers, and construction exoskeletons are also significant devices that we will see in the next part.
Construction exoskeletons –
Have you ever dreamed of wearing an Iron-man suit? That’s what a construction exoskeleton is. Let me sort it down for you; it is a type of wearable equipment that provides strength and makes it easy for you to lift, move and shift heavy objects with ease.
There are also electricity-powered exoskeletons that can help workers perform that tough job.
Types of construction exoskeletons:
1. Crouching and standing support:
This type of exoskeleton provides the advantage of chairless chairs where they can sit with complete support, just like seating chairs.
2. Mounted arm exosuits:
Mounted arm exosuits help to carry the tools by the worker. It also helps distribute the weight of tools and maintain body weight accordingly.
3. Back support exosuits:
The suit fits the shoulders, back, and waist to reduce the strain while lifting objects.
4. Arm support exosuits:
Continuous lifting of heavy objects by workers makes them tired. Arm support exosuits help you distribute the weight of the construction equipment more minor than the actual weight as the weight is balanced, and their upper body can work more efficiently using this exosuit.
These exoskeletons will make the workers’ jobs easy and won’t cause fatigue. Now they can maintain their health and strength throughout the workday.
Robotics & Drones –
Drone cameras can capture the view of construction sites by helping to monitor the work and deliver objects from one place to another. Drones will assist in reducing the uses of vehicles on-site. Drones assist in tracking the real-time progress of ongoing construction.
Identifying the areas of safety for workers is one of the essential things that attain with the help of drones.
Demolition robots can demolish the components at the end of the project. They are safe, cheaper, easy to use, and save a lot of time.
Building Information Modelling (BIM) Technology –
It is an intelligent 3D modelling tool. It supports engineering, architects and construction professionals to sketch out the plans, design them and modify their modelling infrastructure.
The process starts with creating the models, documentation, coordination and simulation, and maintenance. It is the complete lifecycle of a project.
Further enhancements in BIM can provide facilities like plan suggestions, changes in project design, evolve it, and maintain and smooth management.
Compared with 2D drawings – 3D is more effective in every aspect of architecture as it supports problem-solving and detection during the early phases of the project lifecycle. A significant benefit is that it optimises the overall construction work.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) –
Artificial intelligence is a technology in which the machine adopts human behaviour by intelligently learning specific patterns. Machine learning is a field of AI in which computers statistically learn from the data without being explicitly programmed.
That day is not far when computers can program robots and machines to create architectural designs, automatically perform calculations for building homes. This technology is already available in some places and performing constructional activities benefiting by increased efficiency in cost and speed.
Following are some more ways in which AI and ML is serving the Construction Industry-
They are also creating predictive designs for making a model of digital building twins increase the lifespan of any buildings.
For the Better design of buildings –
Machine learning can be used to insight different variations of a solution and create design alternatives, considering the mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems and ensuring that these route systems do not clash with the building’s architecture.
AI-driven automation can replace the shortage of labours on-site, which will lead to increased work efficiency, accuracy, detailing and time-saving job completion.
Better financial planning and project management by using historical data, AI can predict cost overruns and realistic timelines and help human resources access information and training material faster to reduce onboarding times.
It Increases productivity and the safety of the existing staff by using modern AI and ML Technologies.
Mobile and Cloud Technologies –
How does the construction industry use this technology today?
Mobile and Cloud Technologies allow data sharing from the construction sites in real-time to all members contributing to the building construction process or other members responsible for contract realisation. Such as reviewing necessary tools for engineers and architects or project management tools are now available everywhere, providing better collaboration and information sharing.
Contract management softwares (CMS) are now available at a reasonable cost. These softwares use cloud technology to maintain real-time information.
CMS provides features such as –
- Project Management
- Job Scheduling
- Service Management
- Report Generation
- Resource and Documentation maintenance
- Inventory management
- Equipment management
- Mobile capability
3D printing –
3D printing is becoming an indispensable construction technology that offers the construction industry, especially the impact on material sourcing. It is an incredible technology that erases the boundaries of a designer’s table and shifts to creating a three-dimensional object from a computer-based model design, making the building object one-by-one layers.
Benefits to the construction industry by using 3D printing –
Compared to the traditional method, now contractors can sketch out and get printed designs readily whenever needed in a printed form.
3D printing reduces the wastage of materials, saves time by producing samples of the complete 3D object model and monitoring all the details correctly.
Instead of using the traditional designing method, we can use 3D printing.
3D printing provides sustainable development in the construction sector by material cost benefits and saves energy.